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Railways Act 2005 (c. 14)

(The document as of February, 2008)

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(ii) the proposal date; and

(b) a summary of the results of the assessment carried out in accordance with subsection (5).

(5) Before--

(a) giving a notice under subsection (3)(a), in a case where it is not itself the national authority, or

(b) in any other case, carrying out the consultation under subsection (3)(b),

the railway funding authority making the proposal must carry out an assessment of whether the proposal satisfies the criteria set out in the relevant part of the closures guidance; and that assessment must be carried out in accordance with that guidance.

(6) If arrangements under or in accordance with which the services are being provided do not require the services to be provided until the end of the interim period, the national authority must secure the provision of the services until the end of that period.

(7) If on a reference under subsection (3)(c) the Office of Rail Regulation issues a closure non-ratification notice, the national authority must secure the provision of the services to which the proposal relates after the end of the interim period.

(8) The duty imposed by subsection (7) in relation to any services ceases if the services begin to be provided under a franchise agreement.

(9) In this section "the national authority"--

(a) in relation to a proposal relating to services all of which are Scotland-only services, means the Scottish Ministers; and

(b) in any other case, means the Secretary of State.

24 Proposals to discontinue franchised or secured services

(1) This section applies where--

(a) all the relevant railway passenger services on a particular line or from a particular station fall within subsection (2);

(b) a proposal for the discontinuance of all the relevant railway passenger services provided on that line, or from that station, is made, in accordance with section 41, by a railway funding authority; and

(c) the proposal is not a proposal for a minor modification.

(2) A service falls within this subsection if it is--

(a) a franchised service; or

(b) a secured service.

(3) The references in subsection (1) to relevant railway passenger services are references to railway passenger services that are not--

(a) experimental passenger services;

(b) services involving travel through the Channel Tunnel;

(c) services that are provided otherwise than as regular scheduled services for the line or station in question; or

(d) services excluded from the application of this section by an order under section 38.

(4) The railway funding authority making the proposal must--

(a) give notice of its proposal to the national authority, if it is not itself that authority;

(b) carry out a consultation under Schedule 7 about the proposal; and

(c) after carrying out that consultation, either withdraw the proposal or refer the proposal (with or without modifications) to the Office of Rail Regulation.

(5) A notice to the national authority under subsection (4)(a) must set out--

(a) particulars of the proposal for the closure including, in particular--

(i) the services to which the proposal relates; and

(ii) the proposal date; and

(b) a summary of the results of the assessment carried out in accordance with subsection (6).

(6) Before--

(a) giving a notice under subsection (4)(a), in a case where it is not itself the national authority, or

(b) in any other case, carrying out the consultation under subsection (4)(b),

the railway funding authority making the proposal must carry out an assessment of whether the proposal satisfies the criteria set out in the relevant part of the closures guidance; and that assessment must be carried out in accordance with that guidance.

(7) If the franchise agreement or any other arrangement under or in accordance with which the services are being provided does not require the services to be provided until the end of the interim period, the national authority must secure the provision of the services until the end of that period.

(8) If on a reference under subsection (4)(c) the Office of Rail Regulation issues a closure non-ratification notice, the national authority must secure the provision of the services to which the proposal relates after the end of the interim period.

(9) The duty of the national authority under subsection (8)--

(a) is discharged without its taking further steps so long as the provisions of the franchise agreement or other arrangements, in force at the time of the proposal, so far as they require the provision of the services, continue in force without modification; and

(b) ceases if the services begin to be provided under a franchise agreement.

(10) Nothing in subsection (7) or (8) requires the Secretary of State to secure the provision of a Welsh service unless it appears to him that he will be receiving funds from the National Assembly for Wales that are reasonably equivalent to those provided by the Assembly in respect of the service previously provided.

(11) In this section "the national authority"--

(a) in relation to a proposal relating to services all of which are--

(i) Scotland-only services, or

(ii) relevant cross-border services,

means the Scottish Ministers; and

(b) in any other case, means the Secretary of State.

(12) For the purposes of subsection (11), a cross-border service is a "relevant cross-border service" if it--

(a) does not begin or end or otherwise make a scheduled call in Wales; and

(b) is a service in respect of which more funding is provided by the Scottish Ministers than the Secretary of State.

25 Proposal to discontinue excluded services

(1) Where a proposal for the discontinuance of all the excluded services provided by a particular person ("the service operator") on a particular line, or from a particular station, is made by the service operator--

(a) the following provisions of this section apply to so much of the proposal as relates to special procedure excluded services which are not excluded London services; and

(b) Schedule 8 applies to so much of it as relates to special procedure excluded services which are excluded London services.

(2) The service operator must give notice to the national authority setting out--

(a) particulars of the proposal to discontinue the services; and

(b) a summary of the results of the assessment carried out in accordance with subsection (4).

(3) The particulars set out in the notice must include, in particular--

(a) the services to which the proposal relates; and

(b) the proposal date;

and the proposal date must be a date not less than three months after the date of the notice.

(4) Before giving the notice under subsection (2), the service operator must carry out an assessment of whether the proposal satisfies the criteria set out in the relevant part of the closures guidance; and that assessment must be carried out in accordance with that guidance.

(5) The national authority to which a notice is given under subsection (2) must--

(a) consider whether the closure in question should be allowed; and

(b) before the proposal date, form an opinion on that matter in accordance with the criteria set out in the relevant part of the closures guidance.

(6) If the national authority is of the opinion that the closure should be allowed, it must--

(a) carry out a consultation under Schedule 7 about the proposal; and

(b) after carrying out that consultation, either notify the service operator that it has changed its opinion or refer the proposal (with or without modifications) to the Office of Rail Regulation;

and the service operator must not discontinue the services in question before the Office of Rail Regulation has issued a closure ratification notice.

(7) In this section--

  • "excluded service" means a railway passenger service other than one which is--

    (a)

    a relevant railway passenger service for the purposes of any of sections 22(1), 23(1) and 24(1); or

    (b)

    an experimental passenger service;

  • "excluded London service" means an excluded service which--

    (a)

    is provided by Transport for London or a subsidiary of Transport for London; or

    (b)

    is designated as a London service for the purposes of this section by an order made by the Secretary of State, or is of a description of services so designated;

  • "special procedure excluded service" means an excluded service which is designated as a special procedure service for the purposes of this section by an order made by the national authority, or is of a description of services so designated;

  • "the national authority"--

    (a)

    in relation to a proposal relating to one or more services each of which is--

    (i)

    a Scotland-only service, or

    (ii)

    a cross-border service in relation to which no funding is provided by a railway funding authority other than the Scottish Ministers,

    means those Ministers; and

    (b)

    in any other case, means the Secretary of State.

(8) A service may be designated by order made by the Secretary of State as a London service for the purposes of this section, or may fall within a description of services so designated, only if it is a service that begins and ends in Greater London and does not otherwise make any scheduled call outside Greater London.

(9) An order under this section designating an excluded service, or a description of excluded service--

(a) as a London service, or

(b) as a special procedure service,

is subject to the negative resolution procedure.

(10) Where any order under section 49(3) of the 1993 Act (application of Schedule 5 to that Act) is in force immediately before the commencement of this section, that order shall have effect after commencement of this section as an order under this section designating any services, or descriptions of service, to which it applies as special procedure services; and any other service, or description of services, which immediately before the commencement of this section is treated as a service, or description of services, in relation to which Schedule 5 to that Act is to have effect is to be treated after commencement of this section as designated by an order under this section as a special procedure service, or description of special procedure services.

(11) Where any order under paragraph 5A(1)(b)(ii) of Schedule 5 to that Act (application of that Schedule to London services) is in force immediately before the commencement of this section, that order shall have effect after commencement of this section as an order under this section designating any services, or descriptions of service, to which it applies as London services.

(12) For the purposes of this section (apart from the reference, in the definition of "excluded service" in subsection (7), to "relevant railway passenger service") "railway" has its wider meaning.



Discontinuance of operation of passenger networks

26 Proposal by operator to close passenger network

(1) This section applies where--

(a) the operator of a network proposes to discontinue the operation of the network or of some part of it;

(b) the network or, as the case may be, that part of it has, at any time within the preceding five years, been used for or in connection with the provision of services for the carriage of passengers by railway;

(c) the network or that part of it is not secured;

(d) the network or that part of it is not excluded from the application of this section by an order under section 38; and

(e) the proposal is not a proposal for a minor modification.

(2) Use for or in connection with the provision of any of the following services is to be disregarded for the purposes of subsection (1)(b)--

(a) an experimental passenger service;

(b) a service involving travel through the Channel Tunnel;

(c) a service that is provided otherwise than as a regular scheduled service.

(3) The operator must give notice to the national authority setting out--

(a) particulars of the proposal for the closure in question; and

(b) a summary of the results of the assessment carried out in accordance with subsection (5).

(4) The particulars set out in the notice must include, in particular--

(a) the network, or part of a network, to which the proposal relates; and

(b) the proposal date;

and the proposal date must be a date not less than three months after the date of the notice.

(5) Before giving the notice under subsection (3), the operator must carry out an assessment of whether the proposal satisfies the criteria set out in the relevant part of the closures guidance; and that assessment must be carried out in accordance with that guidance.

(6) The national authority to which a notice is given under subsection (3) must--

(a) consider whether the closure in question should be allowed; and

(b) before the proposal date, form an opinion on that matter in accordance with the criteria set out in the relevant part of the closures guidance.

(7) If the national authority forms the opinion that the closure should be allowed, it must--

(a) carry out a consultation under Schedule 7 about the proposal; and

(b) after carrying out that consultation, either notify the operator that it has changed its opinion or refer the proposal (with or without modifications) to the Office of Rail Regulation.

(8) The operator must not discontinue the operation of the network, or part of a network, in question before the end of the interim period.

(9) If--

(a) the national authority forms the opinion under subsection (6)(b) that the closure should not be allowed,

(b) the national authority changes its opinion following the consultation under subsection (7)(a), or

(c) on a reference to the Office of Rail Regulation under subsection (7)(b), that Office issues a closure non-ratification notice,

the national authority must secure the continued operation of the network, or part of a network, in question after the end of the interim period.

(10) In this section "the national authority"--

(a) in relation to a proposal relating to a network or part of a network that is wholly in Scotland, means the Scottish Ministers; and

(b) in relation to a network or part of a network that is wholly in England and Wales, means the Secretary of State;

and a proposal that relates to a network or part of a network that is partly in England and Wales and partly in Scotland is to be treated for the purposes of this section as two separate proposals, one in relation to the part in England and Wales and one in relation to the part in Scotland.

27 Proposal by funding authority to close passenger network

(1) This section applies where--

(a) a railway funding authority makes a proposal, in accordance with section 41, that the operation of a network or of some part of it should be discontinued;

(b) the network or, as the case may be, that part of it has, at any time within the preceding five years, been used for or in connection with the provision of services for the carriage of passengers by railway;

(c) the network or that part of it is not secured;

(d) the network or that part of it is not excluded from the application of this section by an order under section 38; and

(e) the proposal is not a proposal for a minor modification.

(2) Use for or in connection with the provision of any of the following services is to be disregarded for the purposes of subsection (1)(b)--

(a) an experimental passenger service;

(b) a service involving travel through the Channel Tunnel;

(c) a service that is provided otherwise than as a regular scheduled service.

(3) The railway funding authority making the proposal must--

(a) give notice of its proposal to the national authority, if it is not itself that authority;

(b) carry out a consultation under Schedule 7 about the proposal; and

(c) after carrying out that consultation, either withdraw the proposal or refer the proposal (with or without modifications) to the Office of Rail Regulation.

(4) A notice to the national authority under subsection (3)(a) must set out--

(a) particulars of the proposal for the closure including, in particular--

(i) the network, or part of a network, to which the proposal relates; and

(ii) the proposal date; and

(b) a summary of the results of the assessment carried out in accordance with subsection (5).

(5) Before--

(a) giving the notice under subsection (3)(a), in a case where it is not itself the national authority, or

(b) in any other case, carrying out the consultation under subsection (3)(b),

the railway funding authority making the proposal must carry out an assessment of whether the proposal satisfies the criteria set out in the relevant part of the closures guidance; and that assessment must be carried out in accordance with that guidance.

(6) If arrangements under or in accordance with which the network, or part of a network, is being operated do not require it to be operated until the end of the interim period, the national authority must secure the operation of the network, or that part of it, until the end of that period.

(7) If on a reference under subsection (3)(c) the Office of Rail Regulation issues a closure non-ratification notice, the national authority must secure the continued operation of the network, or part of a network, in question after the end of the interim period.

(8) In this section "the national authority"--

(a) in relation to a proposal relating to a network or part of a network that is wholly in Scotland, means the Scottish Ministers; and

(b) in relation to a proposal relating to a network or part of a network that is wholly in England and Wales, means the Secretary of State;

and a proposal that relates to a network or part of a network that is partly in England and Wales and partly in Scotland is to be treated for the purposes of this section as two separate proposals, one in relation to the part in England and Wales and one in relation to the part in Scotland.

28 Proposal to discontinue operation of secured network

(1) This section applies where--

(a) a railway funding authority makes a proposal, in accordance with section 41, that the operation of a secured network or of a secured part of a network should be discontinued;

(b) the network or, as the case may be, that part of it has, at any time within the preceding five years, been used for or in connection with the provision of services for the carriage of passengers by railway;

(c) the network or part of it is not excluded from the application of this section by an order under section 38; and

(d) the proposal is not a proposal for a minor modification.

(2) Use for or in connection with the provision of any of the following services is to be disregarded for the purposes of subsection (1)(b)--

(a) an experimental passenger service;

(b) a service involving travel through the Channel Tunnel;

(c) a service that is provided otherwise than as a regular scheduled service.

(3) The railway funding authority making the proposal must--

(a) give notice of its proposal to the national authority, if it is not itself that authority;

(b) carry out a consultation under Schedule 7 about the proposal; and

(c) after carrying out that consultation, either withdraw the proposal or refer the proposal (with or without modifications) to the Office of Rail Regulation.

(4) A notice to the national authority under subsection (3)(a) must set out--

(a) particulars of the proposal for the closure including, in particular--

(i) the network, or part of a network, to which the proposal relates; and

(ii) the proposal date; and

(b) a summary of the results of the assessment carried out in accordance with subsection (5).

(5) Before--

(a) giving the notice under subsection (3)(a), in a case where it is not itself the national authority, or

(b) in any other case, carrying out the consultation under subsection (3)(b),

the railway funding authority making the proposal must carry out an assessment of whether the proposal satisfies the criteria set out in the relevant part of the closures guidance; and that assessment must be carried out in accordance with that guidance.

(6) If arrangements under or in accordance with which the network, or part of a network, is being operated do not require it to be operated until the end of the interim period, the national authority must secure the operation of the network, or that part of it, until the end of that period.

(7) If on a reference under subsection (3)(c) the Office of Rail Regulation issues a closure non-ratification notice, the national authority must secure the continued operation of the network, or part of a network, in question after the end of the interim period.

(8) The duty of the national authority under subsection (7) is discharged without its taking further steps so long as the provisions of the arrangements, in force at the time of the proposal, so far as they require the operation of the network or part of a network, continue in force without modification.

(9) In this section "the national authority"--

(a) in relation to a proposal relating to a network or part of a network that is wholly in Scotland, means the Scottish Ministers; and

(b) in relation to a proposal relating to a network or part of a network that is wholly in England and Wales, means the Secretary of State;

and a proposal that relates to a network or part of a network that is partly in England and Wales and partly in Scotland is to be treated for the purposes of this section as two separate proposals, one in relation to the part in England and Wales and one in relation to the part in Scotland.



Discontinuance of use or operation of stations

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29 Proposal by operator to close station

(1) This section applies where--

(a) the operator of a station proposes to discontinue the use of a station or of some part of it;

(b) the station or, as the case may be, that part of it has, at any time within the preceding five years, been used for or in connection with the provision of services for the carriage of passengers by railway;

(c) the station or that part of it is not secured;

(d) the station or that part of it is not excluded from the application of this section by an order under section 38; and

(e) the proposal is not a proposal for a minor modification.

(2) Use for or in connection with the provision of any of the following services is to be disregarded for the purposes of subsection (1)(b)--

(a) an experimental passenger service;

(b) a service involving travel through the Channel Tunnel;

(c) a service that is provided otherwise than as a regular scheduled service.

(3) The operator must give notice to the national authority setting out--

(a) particulars of the proposal for the closure in question; and

(b) a summary of the results of the assessment carried out in accordance with subsection (5).

(4) The particulars set out in the notice must include, in particular--

(a) the station, or part of a station, to which the proposal relates; and

(b) the proposal date;

and the proposal date must be a date not less than three months after the date of the notice.

(5) Before giving the notice under subsection (3), the operator must carry out an assessment of whether the proposal satisfies the criteria set out in the relevant part of the closures guidance; and that assessment must be carried out in accordance with that guidance.

(6) The national authority to which a notice is given under subsection (3) must--

(a) consider whether the closure in question should be allowed; and

(b) before the proposal date, form an opinion on that matter in accordance with the criteria set out in the relevant part of the closures guidance.

(7) If the national authority forms the opinion that the closure should be allowed, it must--

(a) carry out a consultation under Schedule 7 about the proposal; and

(b) after carrying out that consultation, either notify the operator that it has changed its opinion or refer the proposal (with or without modifications) to the Office of Rail Regulation.

(8) The operator must not discontinue the use of the station, or part of a station, before the end of the interim period.

(9) If--

(a) the national authority forms the opinion under subsection (6)(b) that the closure should not be allowed,

(b) the national authority changes its opinion following the consultation under subsection (7)(a), or

(c) on a reference to the Office of Rail Regulation under subsection (7)(b), that Office issues a closure non-ratification notice,

the national authority must secure the continued operation of the station, or part of a station, in question after the end of the interim period.

(10) In this section "the national authority"--

(a) in relation to a proposal relating to a station or part of a station that is wholly in Scotland, means the Scottish Ministers; and

(b) in relation to a station or part of a station that is wholly in England and Wales, means the Secretary of State.

30 Proposal by funding authority to close station

(1) This section applies where--

(a) a railway funding authority makes a proposal, in accordance with section 41, that the operation of a station or of some part of it should be discontinued;

(b) the station or, as the case may be, that part of it has at any time within the preceding five years, been used for or in connection with the provision of services for the carriage of passengers by railway;

(c) the station or that part of it is not secured;

(d) the station or that part of it is not excluded from the application of this section by an order under section 38; and

(e) the proposal is not a proposal for a minor modification.

(2) Use for or in connection with the provision of any of the following services is to be disregarded for the purposes of subsection (1)(b)--

(a) an experimental passenger service;

(b) a service involving travel through the Channel Tunnel;

(c) a service that is provided otherwise than as a regular scheduled service.

(3) The railway funding authority making the proposal must--

(a) give notice of its proposal to the national authority, if it is not itself that authority;

(b) carry out a consultation under Schedule 7 about the proposal; and

(c) after carrying out that consultation, either withdraw the proposal or refer the proposal (with or without modifications) to the Office of Rail Regulation.

(4) A notice to the national authority under subsection (3)(a) must set out--

(a) particulars of the proposal for the closure including, in particular--

(i) the station, or part of a station, to which the proposal relates; and

(ii) the proposal date; and

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