UK Laws - Legal Portal
 
Navigation
News

Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3)

(The document as of February, 2008)

-- Back--

Page 30

Pages: P.1 | P.2 | P.3 | P.4 | P.5 | P.6 | P.7 | P.8 | P.9 | P.10 | P.11 | P.12 | P.13 | P.14 | P.15 | P.16 | P.17 | P.18 | P.19 | P.20 | P.21 | P.22 | P.23 | P.24 | P.25 | P.26 | P.27 | P.28 | P.29 | P.30 | P.31 | P.32 | P.33 | P.34 | P.35 | P.36 | P.37 | P.38 | P.39 | P.40 | P.41 | P.42 | P.43 | P.44 | P.45 | P.46 | P.47 | P.48 | P.49 | P.50 | P.51 | P.52 | P.53 | P.54 | P.55 | P.56 | P.57 | P.58 | P.59 | P.60 | P.61 | P.62 | P.63 | P.64 | P.65 | P.66 | P.67 | P.68 | P.69 | P.70

(a) are in the same quantities,

(b) give the same rights against the same persons, and

(c) are of the same type and nominal value,

as the other securities.

(5) A payment is within this subsection if it is a payment to the lender, in pursuance of a redemption obligation, of an amount equal to the amount of the entitlement under the redemption obligation.

(6) A redemption obligation is an obligation that arises on a person's becoming entitled to receive an amount in respect of the redemption of the securities.

569 Meaning of "repo"

(1) For the purposes of this Part there is a repo in respect of securities if conditions A, B and C are met.

(2) Condition A is that a person ("the original owner") has agreed to sell the securities to another person ("the interim holder").

(3) Condition B is that the securities are UK shares, UK securities or overseas securities.

(4) Condition C is that the original owner or a person connected with the original owner--

(a) is required to buy back the securities by the agreement or a related agreement,

(b) is required to buy back the securities as a result of the exercise of an option acquired under the agreement or a related agreement, or

(c) exercises an option to buy back the securities which was acquired under the agreement or a related agreement.

570 Meaning of "buying back" securities etc

(1) This section applies for the purposes of this Part, in the context of a repo.

(2) References to buying back securities include references to--

(a) buying similar securities, and

(b) in the case of a person connected with the person who is the original owner under the repo, buying the securities sold by the original owner or similar securities.

(3) Subsection (2) applies even if the person buying the securities has not held them before.

(4) References to repurchase or a repurchaser are to be read accordingly.

(5) For the purposes of subsection (2) securities are similar if they give their holders--

(a) the same rights against the same persons as to capital and distributions, interest and dividends, and

(b) the same remedies to enforce those rights.

(6) Subsection (5) applies even if there is a difference in--

(a) the total nominal amounts of the securities,

(b) the form in which they are held, or

(c) the manner in which they can be transferred.

571 Meaning of "related" agreements

Agreements are related for the purposes of this Part if they are entered into in pursuance of the same arrangement (regardless of the date on which either agreement is entered into).



Chapter 2 Manufactured payments

<<<< >>>>

Introduction

572 Overview of Chapter

This Chapter is about the situation where a person--

(a) pays another person an amount which is representative of--

(i) dividends on UK shares,

(ii) periodical payments of interest on UK securities, or

(iii) overseas dividends on overseas securities, and

(b) does so under a requirement of an arrangement between them for the transfer of the UK shares, UK securities or overseas securities concerned.



Manufactured dividends on UK shares

573 Manufactured dividends on UK shares

(1) This section applies if a person--

(a) pays another person an amount (a "manufactured dividend") which is representative of a dividend on UK shares, and

(b) does so under a requirement of an arrangement between them for the transfer of the shares.

(2) The Income Tax Acts apply in relation to the recipient, and persons claiming title through or under the recipient, as if the manufactured dividend were a dividend on the shares.

(3) If the payer is a UK resident company, the Income Tax Acts apply in relation to the payer as if the manufactured dividend were a dividend of the company.

(4) If the payer is UK resident and is not a company, the Income Tax Acts apply in relation to the payer subject to sections 574 and 575 (allowable deductions).

(5) This section is subject to--

(a) section 576 (manufactured dividends on UK shares: Real Estate Investment Trusts),

(b) section 583 (manufactured payments exceeding underlying payments), and

(c) section 585 (power to deal with other special cases).

574 Allowable deductions: matching

(1) This section applies if a person who pays a manufactured dividend as mentioned in section 573(1) is UK resident and is not a company.

(2) An amount equal to the lesser of--

(a) the amount of the manufactured dividend, and

(b) the amount of the dividend of which the manufactured dividend is representative,

is allowable as a deduction for income tax purposes, subject to subsection (3).

(3) It is allowable only so far as--

(a) it is not otherwise deductible, and

(b) it falls within subsection (4) or (7).

(4) An amount falls within this subsection so far as the payer--

(a) receives either the dividend which is represented by the manufactured dividend or a payment which is representative of that dividend, and

(b) is chargeable to income tax on the dividend or payment received.

(5) An amount falls within subsection (4) only if the amount of the dividend or payment received is received by the payer in--

(a) the tax year in which the payer pays the manufactured dividend, or

(b) the tax year immediately before, or immediately after, that year.

(6) An amount which falls within subsection (4) is allowable as a deduction only from the amount of the dividend or payment received on which the payer is chargeable to income tax.

(7) An amount falls within this subsection so far as the payer--

(a) is treated under section 607 (treatment of price differences under repos) as receiving a payment of interest in respect of the shares, and

(b) is chargeable to income tax on the payment.

(8) An amount which falls within subsection (7) is allowable as a deduction in calculating the net income of the payer (see Step 2 of the calculation in section 23).

(9) See section 575 for a further qualification to the rule in subsection (2).

(10) For the purposes of subsection (3)(a) an amount is deductible if it is--

(a) deductible in calculating any of the payer's profits or gains for income tax purposes, or

(b) deductible for those purposes in calculating the net income of the payer.

575 Allowable deductions: restriction on double-counting

(1) This section applies if an amount has been allowed as a deduction under section 574(2) by reference to the whole or part of--

(a) the dividend or payment mentioned in section 574(4)(a), or

(b) the deemed payment of interest mentioned in section 574(7)(a).

(2) No further deduction is allowable by reference to all or part of the matched portion of the dividend, payment or deemed payment.

(3) The "matched portion" of the dividend, payment or deemed payment means--

(a) the whole of it, if the amount has been allowed as a deduction by reference to the whole of it, or

(b) the part of it by reference to which the amount has been allowed as a deduction, in any other case.

576 Manufactured dividends on UK shares: Real Estate Investment Trusts

(1) This section applies (instead of section 573(2) and (3)) if--

(a) a person pays a manufactured dividend as mentioned in section 573(1), and

(b) the manufactured dividend is representative of a dividend which is--

(i) paid by a company to which Part 4 of FA 2006 applies (Real Estate Investment Trusts) in respect of profits of C (tax-exempt), or

(ii) paid by the principal company of a group to which that Part applies in respect of profits of G (property rental business).

(2) This section applies only so far as the manufactured dividend is representative of such a dividend.

(3) The Income Tax Acts apply in relation to the recipient, and persons claiming title through or under the recipient, as if the manufactured dividend were a dividend to which section 121 of FA 2006 applied (distributions treated as UK property business profits).

(4) This section is subject to--

(a) section 583 (manufactured payments exceeding underlying payments), and

(b) section 585 (power to deal with other special cases).

577 Statements about manufactured dividends

(1) Subsections (3) to (7) apply to a person who--

(a) pays a manufactured dividend as mentioned in section 573(1), and

(b) is not within the charge to corporation tax.

(2) But those subsections do not apply so far as the manufactured dividend is representative of a dividend which is--

(a) paid by a company to which Part 4 of FA 2006 applies (Real Estate Investment Trusts) in respect of profits of C (tax-exempt), or

(b) paid by the principal company of a group to which that Part applies in respect of profits of G (property rental business).

(3) The person must, at the same time as paying the manufactured dividend, give the recipient a statement.

(4) The statement must set out--

(a) the amount of the manufactured dividend,

(b) the date of its payment, and

(c) the amount of associated tax credit.

(5) The statement must be in writing.

(6) The amount of associated tax credit is the amount of tax credit to which the recipient, or a person claiming title through or under the recipient--

(a) is entitled in respect of the manufactured dividend as a result of section 573(2) of this Act or paragraph 2(3)(b) of Schedule 23A to ICTA (manufactured dividend treated as dividend), or

(b) would be so entitled if all the conditions for a tax credit had been met in the case of the deemed dividend and the recipient or that person.

(7) The duty under subsection (3) to give a statement is enforceable by the recipient.

(8) For provisions corresponding to subsections (3) to (7) which apply if the payer of a manufactured dividend is within the charge to corporation tax see--

(a) section 234A of ICTA (by virtue of paragraph 2(2)(b) of Schedule 23A to ICTA), if the payer is a UK resident company, and

(b) paragraph 2(6) to (8) of Schedule 23A to ICTA, if the payer is a non-UK resident company within the charge to corporation tax.

(9) For a power for regulations to make provision corresponding to subsections (3) to (7) for a case within subsection (2), see section 973 as applied by section 918(3) (and in particular section 974(1)(k)).



Manufactured interest on UK securities

578 Manufactured interest on UK securities

(1) This section applies if a person--

(a) pays another person an amount ("manufactured interest") which is representative of a periodical payment of interest on UK securities, and

(b) does so under a requirement of an arrangement between them for the transfer of the securities.

(2) The Income Tax Acts apply in relation to the recipient, and persons claiming title through or under the recipient, as if--

(a) the manufactured interest were a periodical payment of interest on the securities, and

(b) the gross amount of the deemed interest payment were equal to the gross amount of the interest of which the manufactured interest is representative.

(3) If the payer is UK resident, or a person acting in the course of a trade carried on in the United Kingdom through a branch or agency, the Income Tax Acts apply in relation to the payer subject to sections 579 and 580 (allowable deductions).

(4) See also--

  • section 919 (manufactured interest payments by UK residents etc: deduction of income tax at source), and

  • section 920 (foreign payers of manufactured interest: the reverse charge).

(5) This section is subject to--

  • section 583 (manufactured payments exceeding underlying payments),

  • section 584 (manufactured payments less than underlying payments), and

  • section 585 (power to deal with other special cases).

579 Allowable deductions: matching

(1) This section applies to a person who pays manufactured interest as mentioned in section 578(1).

(2) The gross amount of the manufactured interest is allowable for income tax purposes as a deduction in calculating the net income of the payer (see Step 2 of the calculation in section 23).

This is subject to subsection (3).

(3) It is allowable only so far as--

(a) it is not otherwise deductible, and

(b) it falls within subsection (4), (6) or (7).

(4) An amount falls within this subsection so far as the payer--

(a) receives either the periodical payment of interest which is represented by the manufactured interest or a payment which is representative of the periodical payment of interest, and

(b) is chargeable to income tax on the payment received.

(5) See section 679 (interest on securities involving accrued income losses: general) for the amount chargeable to income tax in a case where that section applies.

(6) An amount falls within this subsection so far as--

(a) the payer is, by virtue of Chapter 2 of Part 12 (accrued income profits), chargeable to income tax on qualifying accrued income profits in respect of transfers of securities, and

(b) the transfers are subject to the arrangement giving rise to the payment of manufactured interest.

(7) An amount falls within this subsection so far as the payer--

(a) is treated under section 607 (treatment of price differences under repos) as receiving a payment of interest in respect of the securities, and

(b) is chargeable to income tax on the payment.

(8) See section 580 for a further qualification to the rule in subsection (2).

(9) For the purposes of subsection (3)(a) an amount is deductible if it is--

(a) deductible in calculating any of the payer's profits or gains for income tax purposes, or

(b) deductible for those purposes in calculating the net income of the payer.

(10) In this section "qualifying accrued income profits" means accrued income profits which are treated as made--

(a) under section 628(5), or

(b) under section 630(2) in respect of a transfer of variable rate securities.

580 Allowable deductions: restriction on double counting

(1) This section applies if an amount has been allowed as a deduction under section 579(2) by reference to the whole or part of--

(a) the periodical payment of interest, or other payment, mentioned in section 579(4)(a),

(b) the sum mentioned in section 579(6)(a), or

(c) the deemed payment of interest mentioned in section 579(7)(a).

(2) No further deduction is allowable by reference to all or part of the matched portion of the payment, sum or deemed payment.

(3) The "matched portion" of the payment, sum or deemed payment means--

(a) the whole of it, if the amount has been allowed as a deduction by reference to the whole of it, or

(b) the part of it by reference to which the amount has been allowed as a deduction, in any other case.



Manufactured overseas dividends

581 Manufactured overseas dividends

(1) This section applies if--

(a) a person ("the payer") pays another person an amount (a "manufactured overseas dividend") which is representative of an overseas dividend on overseas securities,

(b) the payer does so under a requirement of an arrangement between them for the transfer of the securities, and

(c) the condition in subsection (2) is met.

(2) The condition is that--

(a) in a case within section 922(1) (manufactured overseas dividends: payments by UK residents etc), the amount required to be deducted as a result of that section has been deducted, or

(b) in a case within section 923(1) (foreign payers of manufactured overseas dividends: the reverse charge), the amount of income tax required to be accounted for and paid as a result of that section has been accounted for and paid.

(3) Subsections (4) and (5) apply in relation to the recipient, and all persons claiming title through or under the recipient, for all relevant income tax purposes.

(4) The manufactured overseas dividend is treated as if it were--

(a) an overseas dividend of an amount equal to the gross amount of the manufactured overseas dividend, but

(b) paid after the withholding from it, on account of overseas tax, of the amount deducted as a result of section 922 or (as the case may be) accounted for and paid as a result of section 923.

(5) The amount deducted or accounted for and paid is accordingly to be treated as an amount withheld on account of overseas tax instead of as an amount on account of income tax.

(6) In this section "relevant income tax purposes" means the purposes of the Income Tax Acts as they apply in relation to--

(a) UK residents, and

(b) persons carrying on business through a branch or agency in the United Kingdom.

582 Powers about manufactured overseas dividends

(1) The Treasury may by regulations make provision as mentioned in subsections (2) and (3) about prescribed cases where a person--

(a) pays or receives a manufactured overseas dividend as mentioned in section 581(1), or

(b) is treated as doing so for any purposes of this Chapter or regulations made under it.

(2) The regulations may provide for removing or reducing any right of the person to claim relief under Part 18 of ICTA (double taxation relief).

(3) The regulations may provide for adjusting a relevant amount by reference to a provision which has effect under the law of a territory outside the United Kingdom.

(4) A "relevant amount" is an amount which is treated for prescribed income tax purposes as the amount paid or payable to a person in respect of a relevant transaction.

(5) A "relevant transaction" is a sale, repurchase or other transfer of the overseas securities to which the manufactured overseas dividend relates.



Special cases

583 Manufactured payments exceeding underlying payments

(1) This section applies if--

(a) an amount paid by way of manufactured dividend would otherwise exceed the amount of the dividend of which it is representative, or

(b) the sum of--

(i) an amount paid by way of manufactured interest or manufactured overseas dividend, and

(ii) the income tax required to be accounted for and paid in connection with the making of the payment,

would otherwise exceed the gross amount of the interest or overseas dividend of which it is representative.

(2) The payment, to the extent of an amount equal to the excess, is treated for the purposes of this Chapter and Chapter 9 of Part 15 as not made under the requirement mentioned in section 573(1)(b), 578(1)(b) or 581(1)(b) (criteria for application of provisions about manufactured payments).

(3) Instead it is treated, to that extent, for income tax purposes as a separate fee for entering into the arrangement under which it was made.

(4) Subsection (3) applies despite anything in--

(a) sections 572 to 582 (main rules about manufactured payments), or

(b) Chapter 9 of Part 15 (deduction of income tax at source: manufactured payments).

584 Manufactured payments less than underlying payments

(1) This section applies if the sum of--

(a) an amount paid by way of manufactured interest or manufactured overseas dividend, and

(b) the income tax required to be accounted for and paid in connection with the making of the payment,

is less than the gross amount of the interest or overseas dividend of which it is representative.

(2) For the purpose of giving relief under the Income Tax Acts in a case to which section 578 or 581 applies (manufactured interest and manufactured overseas dividends), the gross amount of the manufactured interest or manufactured overseas dividend is treated as being an amount equal to the sum of the amounts mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (1).

(3) Subsection (2) applies despite anything in--

(a) sections 578 to 582 (main rules about manufactured interest and manufactured overseas dividends), and

(b) section 589(3) (meaning of "gross amount" of manufactured overseas dividend).

(4) In this section "relief" means relief by way of--

(a) deduction in calculating profits or gains, or

(b) deduction or set off against income.

585 Power to deal with other special cases

(1) The Treasury may by regulations make provision about--

(a) such manufactured dividends, manufactured interest or manufactured overseas dividends as may be prescribed,

(b) such persons who receive, or become entitled to receive, manufactured dividends, manufactured interest or manufactured overseas dividends as may be prescribed, or

(c) such payers of manufactured dividends, manufactured interest or manufactured overseas dividends as may be prescribed.

(2) The provision which may be made is for any prescribed manufactured dividend, manufactured interest, manufactured overseas dividend or person to be treated, in prescribed circumstances, otherwise than as mentioned in--

(a) sections 572 to 582 (main rules about manufactured payments), or

(b) Chapter 9 of Part 15 (deduction of income tax at source: manufactured payments),

for any prescribed income tax purposes.



General regulation-making powers

586 Powers about administrative provisions

(1) The Treasury may by regulations make provision about--

(a) the accounts and other records which are to be kept,

(b) the vouchers which are to be issued or produced,

(c) the returns which are to be made, and

(d) the manner in which amounts required to be deducted, or accounted for and paid, on account of income tax as a result of this Chapter or Chapter 9 of Part 15 are to be accounted for and paid,

by payers or recipients of manufactured dividends, manufactured interest or manufactured overseas dividends.

(2) Regulations under this Chapter or Chapter 9 of Part 15 about any liability to account for income tax may contain any of the following--

(a) provision for calculating the amounts to be accounted for,

(b) provision, in relation to deciding the amount to be paid on any occasion, for setting other amounts against the amounts to be accounted for,

(c) provision as to the liabilities against which amounts accounted for are, or are not, to be set for income tax purposes or corporation tax purposes,

(d) provision modifying, or applying (with or without modifications), any enactments contained in the Tax Acts.

(3) The Treasury may by regulations provide for prescribed provisions of TMA 1970 to apply for income tax purposes in relation to--

(a) manufactured dividends,

(b) manufactured interest, or

(c) manufactured overseas dividends,

with such modifications, specified in the regulations, as the Treasury consider appropriate.

(4) The Treasury may by regulations make further provision about the administration, assessment, collection and recovery of amounts required to be deducted, or accounted for and paid, on account of income tax as a result of--

(a) this Chapter, or

(b) Chapter 9 of Part 15.

587 Power for manufactured payments to be eligible for relief

(1) The Treasury may by regulations provide for any--

(a) manufactured dividend,

(b) manufactured interest, or

Pages: P.1 | P.2 | P.3 | P.4 | P.5 | P.6 | P.7 | P.8 | P.9 | P.10 | P.11 | P.12 | P.13 | P.14 | P.15 | P.16 | P.17 | P.18 | P.19 | P.20 | P.21 | P.22 | P.23 | P.24 | P.25 | P.26 | P.27 | P.28 | P.29 | P.30 | P.31 | P.32 | P.33 | P.34 | P.35 | P.36 | P.37 | P.38 | P.39 | P.40 | P.41 | P.42 | P.43 | P.44 | P.45 | P.46 | P.47 | P.48 | P.49 | P.50 | P.51 | P.52 | P.53 | P.54 | P.55 | P.56 | P.57 | P.58 | P.59 | P.60 | P.61 | P.62 | P.63 | P.64 | P.65 | P.66 | P.67 | P.68 | P.69 | P.70

-- Back--

<<<< >>>>

Stat




Search
Popular article
Advert