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(The document as of February, 2008. Arhiv.Online Library)

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Statutory Instruments

2007 No. 1974

INSOLVENCY, ENGLAND AND WALES

COMPANIES

The Insolvency (Amendment) Rules 2007

Made

11th July 2007

Laid before Parliament

11th July 2007

Coming into force

6th August 2007

The Lord Chancellor, in exercise of the powers conferred by section 411 of the Insolvency Act 1986(1), with the concurrence of the Secretary of State and after consulting the Committee existing for that purpose under section 413 of that Act, makes the following Rules:

Citation and commencement

1.   These Rules may be cited as the Insolvency (Amendment) Rules 2007 and shall come into force on 6th August 2007 ("the commencement date").

Transitional provision

2.   Rule 4.228 of the Insolvency Rules 1986(2) as it stands before the commencement date shall, in relation to any arrangements referred to in paragraph (1) of that Rule which have been completed before that date, continue to apply to a person who was the director or shadow director of the insolvent company the whole, or substantially the whole, of whose business is acquired.

Substitution of Rule 4.228

3. --(1) The Insolvency Rules 1986 are amended as follows.

(2) For Rule 4.228 substitute--

" First excepted case

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4. --(1) This Rule applies where--

(a) a person ("the person") was within the period mentioned in section 216(1) a director, or shadow director, of an insolvent company that has gone into insolvent liquidation

(b) the person acts in all or any of the ways specified in section 216(3) in connection with, or for the purposes of, the carrying on (or proposed carrying on) of the whole or substantially the whole of the business of the insolvent company where that business (or substantially the whole of it) is (or is to be) acquired from the insolvent company under arrangements--

(i) made by its liquidator; or

(ii) made before the insolvent company entered into insolvent liquidation by an office-holder acting in relation to it as administrator, administrative receiver or supervisor of a voluntary arrangement under Part 1 of the Act.

(2) The person, will not be taken to have contravened section 216 if prior to his acting in the circumstances set out in paragraph (1) a notice is, in accordance with the requirements of paragraph (3),--

(a) given by the person, to every creditor of the insolvent company whose name and address--

(i) is known by him; or

(ii) is ascertainable by him on the making of such enquiries as are reasonable in the circumstances; and

(b) published in the Gazette.

(3) The notice referred to in paragraph (2)--

(a) may, subject to compliance with sub-paragraph (a), be given and published before the completion of the arrangements referred to in paragraph (1)(b) but must be given and published no later than 28 days after that completion;

(b) must state--

(i) the name and registered number of the insolvent company;

(ii) the name of the person;

(iii) that it is his intention to act (or, where the insolvent company has not entered insolvent liquidation, to act or continue to act) in all or any of the ways specified in section 216(3) in connection with, or for the purposes of, the carrying on of the whole or substantially the whole of the business of the insolvent company; and

(iv) the prohibited name or, where the company has not entered insolvent liquidation, the name under which the business is being, or is to be, carried on which would be a prohibited name in respect of the person in the event of the insolvent company entering insolvent liquidation; and

(c) must in the case of notice given to each creditor of the company be given using Form 4.73.

(4) Notice may in particular be given under this Rule--

(a) prior to the insolvent company entering insolvent liquidation where the business (or substantially the whole of the business) is, or is to be, acquired by another company under arrangements made by an office-holder acting in relation to the insolvent company as administrator, administrative receiver or supervisor of a voluntary arrangement (whether or not at the time of the giving of the notice the director is a director of that other company); or

(b) at a time where the person is a director of another company where--

(i) the other company has acquired, or is to acquire, the whole, or substantially the whole, of the business of the insolvent company under arrangements made by its liquidator; and

(ii) it is proposed that after the giving of the notice a prohibited name should be adopted by the other company. "

(3) After the entry in the index to forms in Schedule 4 to the Insolvency Rules 1986 there is inserted--

" 4.73 Notice to the creditors of an insolvent company of the re-use of a prohibited name " .

(4) After Form 4.72 in Schedule 4 to the Insolvency Rules 1986 there shall be inserted into that Schedule Form 4.73 as set out in the Schedule to these Rules.

Jack Straw

Lord Chancellor

7th July 2007

I concur on behalf of the Secretary of State

Pat McFadden

Minister of State for Employment Relations and Postal Affairs

Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform

11th July 2007



SCHEDULE FORM 4.73

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EXPLANATORY NOTE

(This note is not part of the Order)

These Rules amend the Insolvency Rules 1986 ("The Rules") by substituting a new version of Rule 4.228. Section 216 of the Insolvency Act 1986 ("The Act") prohibits a person who was a director (or shadow director) of a company within 12 months of its entering into insolvent liquidation from being a director of another company which has the same name or a name which is so similar as to suggest an association with the insolvent company (such a name is referred to as "a prohibited name"). Section 216 of The Act also contains prohibitions against such a director acting in connection with the promotion, formation or management of a company known by a prohibited name or carrying on a business under a prohibited name otherwise than by a company.

The prohibitions in section 216 are subject to leave being granted by the court and to such exceptions as may be prescribed by Rules made under section 411. The Rules contain a number of exceptions to the section 216 prohibition that are contained in Rules 4.226 to 4.230. The former version of Rule 4.228 allowed a director to act as the director of a company or otherwise in connection with its management where--

(a) the company used a prohibited name; and

(b) the company acquired the whole or substantially the whole of the insolvent company's business; and

(c) a notice was given to the insolvent company's creditors.

In First Independent Factors and Finance Limited v Churchill [2006] EWCA Civ 1623 the Court of Appeal ruled that such a notice could not be given where an individual was already a director of the successor company that wished to acquire the business of the insolvent company and adopt the prohibited name.

The new Rule 4.228 makes provision for a director of a company that enters insolvent liquidation to act as a director of a company (or otherwise be involved in the formation promotion or management of that company) where that company--

(a) uses a prohibited name; and

(b) acquires the whole or substantially the whole of the insolvent company's business.

Notice must be published in the Gazette and given to all creditors known to the director or whose names and addresses could be ascertained by the director by making reasonable enquiries. The Rule further allows a person to carry on the business of the insolvent company using a prohibited other than through a limited company where the relevant notice is given. The Rule provides that the prescribed notice may be given before the company enters insolvent liquidation (where, for example, the insolvent company is in administration and it is likely (or possible) that it will subsequently go into insolvent liquidation). In cases where the insolvent company is not in insolvent liquidation and also in cases where the acquiring company has not yet adopted a prohibited name, notice can be given where the director of the insolvent company is already a director of the acquiring company. However notice must always be given before a director acts in a way that would be prohibited by section 216.

No Regulatory Impact Assessment has been prepared in relation to these Rules, as they will not impose any significant burdens on business.

( 1 )

1986 c.45. Sections 411 and 412 were amended by the Insolvency Act 1986 (Amendment) Regulations 2002 (S.I. 2002/1037). Back [1]

( 2 )

S.I. 1986/1925. The Insolvency Rules 1986 have been amended on a number of occasions but none of those amendments are relevant for the purposes of these Rules. Back [2]

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